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Defining Neurosurgery
Wednesday, October 3, 2018

Neurosurgery is any surgery that affects the nervous system in the body. The vast majority of individuals assume incorrectly that neurosurgery is another name for brain surgery. On the contrary, it is much more than that.


Short for neurological surgery, neurosurgery is a discipline that involves the diagnosis and treatment of patients who are adversely affected by afflictions or ailments of the brain, as well as the spinal cord or column and any peripheral nerves within all parts of the body.

Neurosurgeons treat patients of all ages, ranging from newborns with congenital neurological abnormalities i.e. birth defects to adults and elderly individuals who may have suffered an accident for instance.

In addition, neurosurgeons are also involved in the provision of treatment of nerve injuries, neuroblastoma, neurodegenerative diseases and infections that impact the central nervous system as well.

An important aspect of evaluating patients in the discipline of neurology pertain to the use of imaging studies, which include Computed Tomography (CT) scans, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scans and angiograms as well.

It is important to note that while a neurosurgeon are specialists when it comes to the performance of surgeries, neurologists can recommend such procedures but are not involved in any operation at all.


As per the American Board of Neurological Surgery, in order to qualify for the profession, an individual must complete medical school and a neurosurgical residency as well, if they are to serve as neurosurgeons. Training in general surgery and critical care is also considered mandatory.

Furthermore, there are several sub specialties that a neurologist may choose to pursue later on. Pertinent examples include pediatric neurosurgery, spinal surgery, nerve trauma and interventional neuroradiology to name a few.


Neurological ailments and afflictions can be treated on a case by case basis. Treatment or symptomatic relief varies from one condition to the next. In order to find the ideal treatment options, neurologists will execute and interpret examinations of the brain and the nervous system.


Furthermore, a neurological examination involves a review of the patient’s health history and pay close attention to their current condition. The patient is then asked to undergo a neurological exam, which usually tests their vision, strength, coordination, reflexes and sensations respectively.

The information obtained from these tests enable neurologists to determine whether the issue is located in the nervous system or not. If they are unable to corroborate the precise problem, then additional tests may be needed to validate their diagnosis and find a specific treatment.

Patients need to undergo a neurological examination for a number of reasons. This is typically used when a general practitioner is seeking a specialized opinion about a patient who is exhibiting symptoms of a neurological disorder.

Therefore, a neurological assessment may be carried out when a second opinion becomes relevant. In such cases, the expertise of a neurologist can lead to an effective diagnosis and subsequent treatment for their conditions.

If you feel that you require surgery, consult Advanced Neurosurgery at the earliest!

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