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Head Trauma: The Types, Causes, and Symptoms
Thursday, February 15, 2018

A head trauma also known as a traumatic brain injury is a condition that affects one of the most sensitive organs in the body in a variety of different ways depending on its type. It is estimated that almost 1.7 million people suffer head injuries annually, of which 52,000 are fatal. A trauma is defined as a physical injury anywhere on the human body. Traumatic brain injuries or TBI are of various types and can have different causes like accidents that could be sustained on the road or during sports and falls, etc. This post lists some of the types of TBI and their possible causes and symptoms.

a. Types

The types of head injuries include but are not limited to:

i. Concussion

This is one of the most common sports related TBI that characterizes the brain bouncing off the skull walls due to an extremely high intensity impact. The subsequent damage has to be assessed by a neurosurgeon in order to determine the extent of the injury.

ii. Skull fracture

Your skull is the housing that protects the sensitive organs inside the face from rupture and damage. A skull fracture can of different types too for example, basilar, penetrating or depressed. A broader category of skull fractures includes, open or closed ones depending on the condition of the skin covering it. An open fracture is accompanied by ruptured skin making it more prone to infections and further complications.

iii. Intracranial bleeding

Bleeding within the cranium, i.e., skull is known as intracranial bleeding and has different labels based on the part where it might occur. It is not necessarily caused by a fracture as an intact skull might be no guarantee that there isn’t a blood clot on the inside.

iv. Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

It is one of the most common forms of intracranial bleeding. A subarachnoid hemorrhage refers to a bleed or clot between the inner fibrous layers of the brain. It can be caused by physical injuries like accidents and falls however, it might also be caused by psychological disorders like depression, etc.

b. Causes

There are a variety of different causes from head injuries that may vary between age groups and genders. For kids falling or being struck by a fellow are the most common while for others they might include road accidents, sports related injuries, fights or falls. Cycling, football and basketball are the sports that make a person most susceptible to TBIs.

c. Symptoms

The symptoms again can vary depending on the type of injury that you suffered and only a qualified specialist may be able to provide the appropriate diagnosis and treatment based on clinical tests. Some of the most common symptoms include depression, dizziness, headaches, nausea and memory loss among others.

If you suffer from a head injury or experience any of the symptoms even without suffering one, be sure to take a trip to a specialist, office in order to determine the possible causes. This is vital in order to make sure you don’t end up suffering from an elevated disorder because you ignore it in the early stages.

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