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Neurosurgery: 4 Potential Injuries that can Result from Sports
Tuesday, February 6, 2018

As people around the world become more self-aware, more and more people are realizing the importance of staying healthy to ensure a healthy body. This realization comes with an increased indulgence in sports which, as a result come with their own injuries. Sports are responsible for neurosurgical and orthopedic injuries among others. According to statistics, there are more than 400,000 sports related head injuries treated in the US alone every year. These vary in severity from a mild concussion to dislocated bones and fractures.

This article discusses some of the most common sports related head and neck injuries, their signs, symptoms and what is the most effective course of action to take if you feel like suffering from any of these.

Concussion

It is one of the most common types of sports related head injuries. Concussion is broadly defined as any injury that causes an extremely violent jerk to the brain usually resulting in it rubbing off the edges of the skull plates. The severity of a concussion can vary depending on the angle and magnitude of impact. The proper damage can only be estimated by a professional neurosurgeon after conducting relevant tests.

The symptoms of concussion can range from dizziness, loss of consciousness or headaches that might occur at the time of injury and disappear or those that appear after a certain amount of time and might be prolonged or occasional.

Skull fracture

Your skull houses all the facial organs and protects them from potential injuries that are usually external. Skull fractures are rare during sports however; a significant collision can cause a plate of bone in the head or face to break. Fractures are usually of two types: open or closed depending on the condition that the skin covering the injury is in. Symptoms for fractures resemble those suffered from concussion however at times they might be more severe.

Cervical Spinal Cord Injuries

Also known as SCIs for short, cervical spinal cord injuries are of two types:
  • Complete: 50% of all SCIs are complete which means that they result in total failure of neurons and motor functions below the effected parts.
  • Incomplete: Incomplete SCIs result in partial or relatively low loss of function below the primary level of injury.
The severity of an SCI depends on the part of the neck where it is suffered. The closer it is to the brain, the more intense damage will result from it. Diving, bicycling and football are some of the top contributors to SCIs with other sports like hiking and skiing also on the list.

Neck Fracture

Neck fracture is the condition that is caused when a bone in the cervix, i.e. the parts of the spinal cord, breaks or ruptures as a result of a severe blow or twist to the neck during contact or even non-contact sports like horse-riding or weight lifting. Hampered movement and pain are some of the symptoms of neck fractures.

Injuries like concussions, skull or neck fractures and SCIs, irrespective of if they’re mild or acute require the person to consult a neurosurgeon immediately because they’ll be able to determine, on the basis of radiological examinations, the extent and scale of it accurately.



 
 
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