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Sciatica 101
Wednesday, July 11, 2018

What is sciatica?

Sciatica tends to gets its name from the sciatic nerve which is a rather large nerve. As a matter of fact it is the largest nerve that is found in the human body. It consists of individual nerve roots, a set that start by branching out from the spine in the lower back and then combine to form the sciatic nerve near the hips. Whenever there is even the slightest pressure sustained by this sciatic nerve it tends to send very strong signals to the brain. If it is compressed at or near its point of origin, symptoms occur which can lead to debilitating pain.

Can it occur from an injury?

Sciatica develops over time; it is something that can get complex with the passing of time. As opposed to an event or injury causing it and is a symptom of an underlying medical condition. Most lower-back problems that can also cause sciatica symptoms. These usually include bone spurs that can be felt on the spine. Another more popular one is a lumbar herniated disc which is inexplicably painful. Degenerative disc disease, spinal stenosis, or spondylolisthesis are also symptoms and pains associated to sciatica. In much less probable and rare cases, the nerve can be compressed by a tumor which would therefore damage the entire nerve or can be damaged by a disease such as diabetes.
What are the symptoms of sciatica?

Sciatica refers to a severe pain which can dull and intensify over time. Numbness, or weakness that start in the lower back and tends to travels through the hips and buttocks, down to the large sciatic nerve in the back of each leg which is linked to multiple branches in the hips and buttocks.

These symptoms could mean you have sciatica:
  • Constant pain in only one side of the buttock or leg
  • Pain that is worse when sitting
  • Leg pain that is often described as burning, tingling, or searing
  • Weakness, numbness, or difficulty moving the leg, foot, and/or toes
  • A sharp pain that may make it difficult to stand up or walk
  • Pain that radiates down the leg and possibly into the foot and toes
It has complete control over how you are going to use a certain limb or muscle for the duration of its treatment. The Sciatic pain has a tendency to run from infrequent and irritating to constant and incapacitating which can be quite scary for a person who has to rely on their limbs throughout the day. This unique kind of pain usually ranges from something as negligible as a mild ache to a sharp, burning sensation or excruciating pain and finally to the point where you feel like you have a head-splitting migraine. It can feel like a jolt or electric shock or as if your nerve was being pulled out with a pair of tweezers. It can be worse when you cough or sneeze, and prolonged sitting can aggravate symptoms. Symptoms are usually based on the location of the pinched nerve.

Consult an expert on your pain or to get more information.

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