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Treatment Options for Lower Back Pain
Friday, December 14, 2018

People older than 30 years of age may experience pain in their lower back. Discomfort in this area can be ongoing or chronic. It may even be a brief and sudden condition referred to as acute lower back pain.

Spasms and muscle pull, spinal abnormalities like spinal stenosis or slipped disk and nerve irritation may be responsible for pain in the lower back. There are several treatment options available for this type of pain. Let’s learn what they are.

Rest

A person should rest to counter their pain. They should reduce their activity level for a few days to get relieved from pain. Bed rest isn’t recommended for lower back pain treatment as longer periods without any activity can weaken the muscles.

A person should lie down on their back with a small pillow under their knees to keep their back straight and in neutral condition.

Ice or Heat

A person who suffers from back pain should try icing or heating remedies. Evidence shows that using ice and heat packs can reduce pain and increase mobility.

A bag full of ice can be placed on the areas of the lower back where the person is experiencing pain. It will help to reduce the inflammation. Ice can be used several times every day for half-an-hour.

After a few days of using cold treatment, a person should switch to treatment through heat with the help of a warm bath or heating pad. The warmth can loosen the muscles that have become tight and are causing pain.

Pain Relievers

Another treatment option that can be used to address pain in the lower back are over-the-counter (OTC) pain relievers like ibuprofen, acetaminophen and naproxen. However, OTC drugs will likely not provide relief when symptoms stem from disk problems and nerve compression.

If lower back pain doesn’t get any better from rest, applying ice or heat packs or pain relievers, a person should see a doctor.

Prescription Medications

Stronger medications may be prescribed by the doctor to reduce pain if the lower back that is not helped by other options. Antidepressants and narcotics like anticonvulsant drugs and codeine might be used for treating pain in the lower back.

Nerve pain like sciatica which could result from disk problems cannot be easily treated through oral medicines. For such pain, anesthetic medications or corticosteroid might be injected for reducing inflammation. The person will usually find relief when the swelling in the nerve reduces.

Surgery

If all other options fail, surgery may be required for the treatment of severe, chronic back pain. Abnormal or injured vertebrae that can cause pain in the lower back might be fused together through surgery to straighten the back and help a person regain mobility.

Back surgery carries risks. Therefore, it should only be considered the last option. If you are experiencing severe back pain and looking for an expert opinion, contact Dr. Taha at Advanced Neurosurgery.



 
 
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