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What Is A Lower Back Pain and Why You Shouldn’t Stay Calm About It
Friday, March 16, 2018

The lower back or lumbar spine is a skillfully engineered frame of interlinking joints, bones, nerves, muscles and ligaments. All of these components function together, offering strength, support and flexibility to the human body.

The lower back supports the total burden of the upper body and enables everyday actions by providing mobility. These movements include twisting and bending, as muscles found in the lower back are exclusively responsible for rotating and flexing the hips as one walks. Another important job of the lower back muscles is to support the spinal column as the nerves in the lumbar spine supply feeling, sensation and energy to the muscles in the legs, feet and pelvis.

Back Pain

This multifaceted structure is however not immune to injuries and is largely vulnerable to pain and damages. The most common is an acute lower back pain which usually occurs from an injury to the joints, ligaments, muscles or discs. The human body responds to this injury by activating an inflammatory curing process. Although inflammation is a minor condition it causes a severe and hard to bear pain.
  • Inflammatory Healing
    During the healing process there is a considerable modification in the nervous system. This means that the nerve supply to some of the muscles, discs and other spinal areas is disrupted, which makes it harder for the brain to correctly sense the exact cause of the ache.
For example, a torn spinal disc may suffer the same pain as a pulled muscle and both create inflammation and sore muscle contractions in the same place. Ligaments and muscles can heal quicker than a torn disc and this difference in the healing time helps in determining the reason of the pain.

Types of Lower Back Pain

Lower back pain can be categorized into many types but the two most common types are:
  • Mechanical Pain
    Mechanical pain is the most frequent source of a lower back ache. It is known as an axial pain and primarily affects the joints, muscles, ligaments and bones encircling the spine. This type of lower back pain is usually traced to the lower back, hips and above the thighs. The degree of the pain varies on the movement of the spine, which is the pain can feel different when standing than how it felt while you were sitting.
  • Radicular Pain
    It mostly occurs when the spinal nerve becomes swollen and inflamed right till its root. Radicular pain can map out all over the nervous arrangement in the lower back, that is one can feel it right till their feet. The pain can be felt with a sharp, burning sensation that causes weakness and numbness in the limbs.
Since our lower back is solely responsible for supplying sensation and movement to the lower limbs and even a minor injury can leave a life altering result on our physical health like paralysis. It is therefore important to stay alert and seek the nearest neurosurgeon’s assistance in case of a severe back ache.

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